Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus. When it’s performed as a treatment for cancer, it’s called a radical hysterectomy or abdominal hysterectomy. It involves removing not only the uterus but also some of the surrounding tissue, lymph nodes, and often part of the vagina if there are signs that cervical cancer has spread to them.
A gynecological surgeon performs a hysterectomy procedure.
The decision to undergo a hysterectomy for noncancerous reasons is generally made after all other treatment options have been tried and failed.
Reasons to perform a hysterectomy procedure
Hysterectomy may be performed to:
- Remove a uterus that has been damaged by disease, injury, or an abnormality.
- Treat cancer of the uterus. When there are too many uterine fibroids (noncancerous tumors) that cause heavy bleeding and other serious symptoms not relieved by medication.
- Control persistent vaginal bleeding when the source is unknown even after extensive evaluation.
- Control chronic pelvic pain
- Treat uterine prolapse (when the uterus moves into the vaginal canal)
Precautions before undergoing Hysterectomy Procedure
Before you decide on having a hysterectomy procedure: Discuss your decision with your doctor and family members or friends who will directly take care of you in case something goes wrong during surgery. Have a physical examination by a gynecological surgeon where he/she will check your fitness for undergoing this procedure.
Types of Hysterectomy
It is important that patients and health care providers clarify which female organs are removed during a hysterectomy. Depending on the reason for surgery, a surgeon may remove the uterus alone or else decide to additionally take out the cervix, ovaries, or both.
Types of hysterectomy procedures include;
- A supracervical or subtotal hysterectomy: Here, only the upper part of the uterus is removed. The cervix is preserved in place.
- Total hysterectomy: Here, the uterus and cervix are wholly removed.
- A radical hysterectomy: This involves the removal of the whole uterus, adjacent uterus tissue, cervix, and some part of the vagina. This hysterectomy procedure is performed in case of cancer.
ASIAN Is the Centre of Excellence for Hysterectomy Procedures
At ASIAN, our highly experienced gynecology team has handled numerous successful hysterectomy procedures.
Our multi-disciplinary care team shares one goal: to provide personalized, specialized healthcare for you and your loved ones. We work together with physicians, nurses, technologists, and specialists to respond to whatever needs you may have.
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Content Reviewed by – Asian Hospital Medical Editors