Diabetes is a big problem in the entire world. Nearly 8.5 percent of adults have diabetes. Diabetes can cause many health problems like blindness, kidney problems, heart disease, etc. That is why people celebrate world diabetes day across the world on 14th November, on the birth anniversary of Sir Fredrick Banting, the one to discover insulin in the year 1922. World diabetes day grabs the public’s attention towards the risks and problems of diabetes. World Diabetes Day aims to teach people to be concerned about the risk factors of diabetes and grabs the spotlight of being diabetic.
Access to diabetes care is the theme for world diabetes day from 2021 to 2023.
Reasons for choosing this theme-
Many people have no access to treatment for diabetes; they do not get the medicines and care on time. Moreover, they are not even aware that they have symptoms of diabetes or diabetes. Therefore, they must know what is going on with them. Thus, the theme “Access to Diabetes Care” aims to draw attention to these factors. Governments, private organizations, healthcare workers, activists, and common people all work together to address this problem and the global issue of diabetes.
How can you contribute to world diabetes day?
Importance of World Diabetes Day-
The reality is that people do not take diabetes seriously. If they are diagnosed with diabetes, they have ways to deal with that. But they will not take consultation from an expert. Therefore, raising this topic and talking about diabetes is essential.
Even tiny children have diabetes these days. Sharing stories and precautions can itself be a great help. People may live a healthy life because of you. Hence, it would help if you were not ashamed of having diabetes. But use it as a way to be a savior for others who are not aware of the consequences of diabetes and how fatal it can be!
To make people aware of diabetes, you must know a few things.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes- This type of diabetes occurs when your body cannot produce enough insulin, so your blood sugar level goes too high. Insulin is what allows glucose into the cells of the body. But when there is no insulin, the glucose remains and increases in your blood, as it cannot go into your cells. This is all Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes- In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not respond well to the insulin or is unable to produce enough insulin. This type of diabetes can occur at any age. However, even small children can have type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes.
Prediabetes– It is a stage that generally occurs before type 2 diabetes. At this stage, the blood glucose level is higher than usual, but it is not so high that one can call it type 2 diabetes. If you get the proper treatment at this age, there shall be prevention of type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes- It generally occurs only during pregnancy. After the pregnancy is over, so does gestational diabetes. But due to some reasons, like not taking proper care, gestational diabetes might as well convert to type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes
Not all people have all the symptoms. Everyone has different symptoms depending on the type of diabetes they have and how high their blood sugar level is.
But some common symptoms of diabetes are-
How to prevent diabetes?
Be active- Do anything to keep yourself active, like dancing, walking, cycling, jogging, or anything you want to do. But do it for a minimum of half an hour a day.
Try to drink water- Water will not increase your glucose level as other beverages do. However, you must avoid drinks containing too much sugar and preservatives and drink water instead.
Fibrous diet- Having enough fiber is essential for you. It manages and controls spikes in sugar levels and eventually prevents the development of diabetes.
Limit sugar- Eating food rich in sugar content and carbohydrates, like potatoes, white bread, rice, etc., can increase your blood glucose levels, eventually leading to diabetes.
So, this World Diabetes Day, let us get together and give access and care to diabetes patients and spread awareness about it.
Content Reviewed by – Asian Hospital Medical Editors