What do you mean by gynecology?
Gynecology is the branch of medical science related to the female reproductive system. Gynecology is the field that deals with primarily non-pregnant women and their hormonal, urinary tract, uterus-concerning, and vaginal-related issues. This branch deals in both surgical as well as medicinal ways.
Who is a gynecologist?
A gynecologist is a doctor and surgeon who deals with the health of females. They treat the female reproductive system and organs like the uterus, vulva, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and breast cancer, vagina, contraception, menstrual, menopause sexuality, hormonal, and contraception issues.
When should one visit a gynecologist?
One should visit a gynecologist for the following reasons-
What tests does a gynecologist perform?
The gynecologist might ask the patient to get specific tests done depending on the symptoms and problems. Those tests are-
There are three thyroid hormones-
Thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH- The pituitary gland evokes this hormone and tells the thyroid gland to create more or less of this hormone.
Thyroxine or T4 is an inactive hormone that can change to an active state.
Triiodothyronine- This hormone is in active form, primarily when thyroxine converts.
What is the difference between a gynecologist and an obstetrician?
Though both a gynecologist and an obstetrician deal with women and reproduction, there is a slight difference between the two.
An obstetrician mainly deals with pregnancy. They take care of the person before the pregnancy, assist in delivering the baby, and provide post-pregnancy care for the baby and the mother.
On the other hand, a gynecologist deals with problems and the well-being of the female reproductive system. For example, they help in fertility, hormonal imbalance, and regulating the period cycle. Also, they treat cancer of the female reproductive organs and reduce the pain and injuries in these areas.
There is also a difference between the training of the two. An obstetrician is more precise and has better training in dealing with pregnancy and childbirth.
They also can practice and train in both fields. After their training, they can choose to be a specialist in obstetrics, gynecology or practice in both areas. The person who has training and is practicing in both gynecology and obstetrician is known as OBGYN, or they put OB/Gynae in their academic and professional world.
How do gynecologists treat cervix cancer and breast cancer?
Gynae treats the cancers of the female reproductive organs based on the stage of cancer, general health of the patient, type of cancer, and whether the patient wants to conceive in the future.
The most common ways that gyne is used to treat reproductive cancer are –
Immunotherapy: In this method, the doctors prescribe medicines that can boost the immunity system and kill cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: In this therapy, the doctors inject the drugs through the patient’s mouth or veins. These drugs mix in the blood and help kill the cancer cells.
Radiation: This method uses radiation energy to kill the cancer cells. There are different types of radiation that doctors use.
Surgeries: Gynecologists use various kinds of surgeries depending on the case. They use pelvic exenteration, laser surgery, cryosurgery, cone biopsy, hysterectomy, etc.
What do gynecologists do for PCOS and hormonal imbalance?
The treatment for these depends on the root cause. The doctors will treat the patient for hormonal imbalance based on what causes the issue. They might inject drugs or give oral medication if there is any deficiency of the hormones. If your hormones are in quality more than required, the doctors will opt for other methods like pills, surgery, or radiation, depending on the cause.
For PCOS, generally, they recommend a lifestyle change and prescribe a combination of hormonal pills, birth control pills, or use progestin therapy to regulate the menstrual cycle.
What should one expect at a gynecologist visit?
Often, many people are nervous while visiting a gynecologist for the first time. But it is the responsibility of an excellent gynecologist to make the patient comfortable and be polite to them.
Your doctor will first ask general questions like age, weight, name, etc. Further, they will ask about your problem and the symptoms that you are facing. Next, they may ask some personal questions about you, such as about your family history and whether anyone else had a similar problem in the family. Or they might ask about your physical relationship, the frequency, if you are using any contraceptives, birth control pills, etc.
Your gynecologist might even ask you to get specific tests done. Then, based on those tests, your doctor will start your treatment. Or she might examine you physically if she feels the need to do so.
Women face a lot of physical issues. But the well-being of women and young girls is essential. Unfortunately, many women and girls feel shy or scared to visit a gynecologist. But it is necessary to see an expert if you think there is something abnormal with your reproductive system or hormones. Just as we see a doctor when we have other physical issues like fever, allergies, diarrhea, etc., similarly, we must seek help from a gynecologist if we have problems with our reproductive organs or hormonal imbalance.
We at Asian hospital, Faridabad, have the best gynecologists with expertise and years of experience in their field. They deal with the patients politely, without making them anxious.
So, do not delay, do not wait, and visit the best gynecologist to maintain your well-being.
Content Reviewed by – Asian Hospital Medical Editors