Did You Know How HIV/AIDS Should be Examined?

December 8, 2015

What is HIV/AIDS?

HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus, which further can be lead to AIDS if not treated on time. AIDS considered to be the final stage of HIV in which an individual cannot survive more than 3 years. AIDS is the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

How HIV turned into AIDS?

As HIV is the initial stage of AIDS in which it started to destroy white blood cells. These are CD-4 or T-cells. These cells make our immune system stronger to fight against diseases. HIV helps in making our immune system weaker by destroying CD-4 cells.The cells counted in normal people range from 500 to 1600 cells/mm3. But when the cells got below 200cells/mm3 then the patient is in final stage of HIV called AIDS.

 HIV/AIDS

From where did HIV came?

From a survey, scientists came to know the source of HIV is one of the breed of chimpanzee found in West Africa. The virus found in the chimpanzee is immunodeficiency virus. In West Africa hunters used to hunt those chimpanzees’ and have their flesh for their dinner. So these people were the culprit to spread HIV.

How HIV/AIDS is causing?

  • Unprotected Sex:By having vaginal & oral sex with someone who is HIV infected. And whose blood, sperm or oral secretion entered your body.
  • Blood Exchange: If the blood of infected person gets used infected person.
  • By Needles Sharing: HIV can also be cause by re-use of infected needle.
  • During Pregnancy: Mothers having HIV also infect their baby by breast feeding.
  • Used Blades: HIV can also be cause by using blades of infected person during shave.
  • Tattoo Machine:Someone also get infected by using infected tattoo machine.
  • Kissing:By sharing the pre-chewed food of infected people. Deep or French kiss in which saliva from an infected person transferred to uninfected on.

So the HIV can send through blood, oral secretion, sperm, breast feeding. And another source which transfer infection in less amount are sweat, saliva & tears etc.

What would be the early signs to examine HIV/AIDS?

The early symptoms of HIV are mild, and disappears soon generally in 15-20 days. It is not necessary that the early symptoms can lead to HIV in all people. But pre-caution is better so if a person notices early symptoms of HIV than he/she can consult with a doctor.In some people these early signs will come again over a year later and this time it doesn’t disappear.

  • Belly cramps, or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
  • High Fever
  • Pain in forehead
  • Muscle aches
  • Rashes on skin
  • Sore Throat
  • Pain in several joints
  • Frequent Loss in Weight

After HIV, it will take 3-4 months on antibodies for the virus detectable from the blood vessels. On average, you will need with regards to 25 days to weeks to plan antibodies.

The symptoms/signs get to appears over the years later are:

  • Diarrhea or other bowel changes.
  • Weakness.
  • Large Vomiting.
  • Lack of hunger or even baffling weight reduction.
  • Dried up hmm or even shortness involving air.
  • Nail bed changes.
  • Night time sweats.
  • Puffy lymph nodes in the fret board, armpits, as well as groin.
  • Ache whenever eating.
  • Bafflement, difficulties paying attention, or even character changes.
  • Recurring acne outbreaks involving cold sores or even oral hsv simplex virus sores.
  • Tingling, numbness, as well as weak point in the arms and legs.
  • Lips sores or even a yeast infection with the oral cavity (thrush).

Which treatment to opt for HIV?

The best and effective treatment for HIV is ART (antiretroviral therapy). ART is combination of several injections and medicines needed on an initial stage.

What will be the initial treatment?

  • Take a balanced diet to keep your immune system strong. This will help your body to fight against diseases.
  • Initial start to calculate your CD-4 or white blood cells.
  • Get free from all tensions and stress which will make you mentally healthy to deal with it.
  • Get your body prevent from other diseases such as
  • tuberculosis,
  • high cholesterol
  • blood pressure which may cause high risk for HIV infected person.

For a pregnant woman

  • Consult for a medicine which will disappear the effect of HIV virus from your blood.
  • Not to feed your baby until you recover
  • Take a proper and frequent consultations with doctor about treatment.

How a HIV/AIDS infected person prevent the virus get spread?

  • Not to donate blood to anyone until you get fit.
  • Tell your partner about your HIV infection to make her/him aware.
  • Do not share your toothbrush, razor, sex toys etc.
  • When in a need of sex, always use condoms.
  • Don not share pre-chewed things, sperm and secretion.
  • Stop having deep or French kiss.
  • Regular follow ART treatment.
  • Stop using alcohols, drugs, cigarette etc.

What type of side-effects should a person’s face while following ART?

  • Nausea or vomiting, throwing up as well as diarrhea
  • Heart problems
  • Destabilized bone fragments as well as navicular bone burning
  • Dysfunction of muscular tissues
  • Unusual cholesterol degrees · Higher glucose levels.

Last but not the least HIV/AIDS is not a disease which infected by touching, shaking hands, and all. Make them happy and proud to fight against this disease.source of image : (www.hivdatingsites.biz)

 

Content Reviewed by – Asian Hospital Medical Editors